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3) Matthew 16:15 and following
Son of God does not stand in opposition to Christ, as if explaining something about Christ.  Christ refers to His office
as the one whom God anointed, whereas Son of God refers to His divine nature, John 1:1 and 14 and 18; John 5:17
and following; John 10:36; Luke 22:67-71.  Peter affirms two truths about Jesus, a fact indicated by the repeated
use of the article.

The beatitude-formula means to represent the one described as particularly happy or well-off.  Blessed art thou:
"You are happy indeed!" or "How favored you are!"  Blessed are you, Simon, even though your understanding of
the content of your announcement is severely limited.

Hebrew "Barjona" - Accordingly, he would see Peter as a "son of the violent" or a Zealot sympathizer if not actually
one of them.  Not only would this agree with his impetuous character, but it would throw into greater relief the
complete dissimilarity between his human views and the high, spiritual Messianic concept he had just confessed.

Simon, son of John could be seen as a reminder of what he was by nature, simply a human son of a human father.  
He was a man who of himself could not have contributed anything worthwhile, just one human being among many.

The conclusion reached by Peter and the others who shared it had not been decided by taking samples of public
opinion, although, as our text proves, it had not been made in isolation from it.  The Twelve expressed what
contemporary Jews thought of Jesus the true Messiah (Matthew 16:13-14).  The only explaining the great
confession is to admit that they were seeing what God in His Old Testament Word and in His Son, the living Word
(John 1:1 and 14 and 18).

He has been very patient with these men while they were discovering Him.  He did not begin by telling them He was
"the Christ, the Son of the living God" and asking them to follow Him in that capacity.  He waited for His personality
and his supernatural signs to compel in them an exalted interpretation.

A useful research project at this point would be to study the life of Peter or John as they are brought into contact
with Jesus for the first time, with a view to study their individual growth in faith.

Peter's affirmation on Pentecost proves that any Hebrew witness of Jesus' ministry could have arrived at his own
personal conviction of Jesus' Lordship by recognizing God's power operative in Jesus of Nazareth, Acts 2:22.

1) Christ is the Builder, or Founder, of His Congregation, or Assembly (ecclesia).
2) Peter the believer is a foundation stone in that living congregation,
3) The gates of death, (city of the dead) is powerless to imprison the congregation within its walls:
       a) Both in the sense that Christ would burst those gates, rising
       b) And in the sense that the Church too would crash death's gates
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