Church of Christ
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2) Matthew 10 - Jesus sends the twelve
THEIR WORDS AND WORKS - Matthew 10:5-8 - Parallels: Mark 6:8-11; Luke 9:2-5

These twelve Jesus sent forth, and charged them, saying, go not into the way of the Gentiles, and enter not into any
city of the Samaritans:

But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.  And as ye go, preach, saying, the kingdom of heaven is at
hand.  Heal the sick, raise the dead, and cleanse the lepers, cast out demons: freely ye received, freely give.

THEIR EQUIPMENT AND CONDUCT - Matthew 10:9-15 - Parallels: Mark 6:8-11, Luke 9:3-5

Get you no gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses; no wallet for your journey, neither two coats, nor shoes, nor
staff:  for the laborer is worthy of his food.  And into whatsoever city or village ye shall enter, search out whom in it is
worthy; and there abide till ye go forth.  And as ye enter into the house, salute it.  And if the house be worthy, let
your peace come upon it:  but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.  And whosoever shall not receive you,
nor hear your words, as ye go forth out of that house or that city, shake off the dust of your feet.  Verily I say unto
you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Day of Judgement, than for that city.

The Jewish mentality toward the witness borne by anyone had trained people to expect the testimony of two men to
be weightier than that of one, even though the one were speaking the truth.  This is Jesus' way of arguing in John
8:16-18.  So two Apostles, working together, could give more powerful witness to the deeds and message of the

Why just to the lost house of Israel?
       1) The Gentiles had not been given 2500 years of thorough preparation under the Law and prophets as had
            the Jews.  Therefore, they would not have been quite as ready to appreciate this final revelation God was     
             giving through Jesus the Messiah, as would the Jews.  The Samaritans retained their denominational form    
             of Judaism, badly mixed with pagan ideas.
       2) When one considers the strong Jewish prejudice against all that was non-Jewish, this of limiting the Apostles'
            ministry to the Jews at this time is just common sense, even though the Lord will later, under different
            circumstances, broaden even this commission.  The time is not yet come when the Apostles' own thinking is
            broad enough to comprehend a universal Gospel for the entire human race.  If the Apostles themselves had
             this difficulty, how much more scandalized would Jesus' more distant followers be, were they to witness the    
             shocking (to them) spectacle of a wholesale opening of the Kingdom of God to just anybody - even Gentiles
             and Samaritans.

Turn to Acts 11:1-3 - Jesus must yet disarm their prejudices as much as possible, while He makes this final appeal
to the Galileans by means of this limited mission of the Twelve.  So the prohibition itself arises out of Jesus' general
master plan for establishing His Kingdom on earth.

The Lost House - Jesus deliberately uses that figure out of His own vision to call the attention of His men to the most
fundamental character of the work they were to do.

The limited amount of time Jesus wanted to spend upon this educational experiment with the Apostles.

Repentance and the rule of God is a message always in order.  The rejection of God's government was what made
men sinners in the first place:  only repentance and submission to God's rule can make men whole again.


       Heal the sick: see Mark 6:12-13, Luke 9:6

       Raise the dead: though there is no record that the Apostles brought men back from the dead during the early
                                 ministry, they certainly did this later (Acts 9:36-42, Acts 20:9-10).

       Cleanse the lepers: this particular type of healing is mentioned to show the extent of God's healing power
                                       operative in the Twelve, even to the point of curing such a defiling disease as leprosy.

       Cast out demons: Besides the obvious power over Satan that this represents, does Matthew include this
                                    command to display the full range of the glorious power entrusted to the Twelve?  Jesus
                                    would have them realize that the struggle in which they were engaged was a personal battle  
                                     with Satan himself.

God's mercy has not given anything to anyone, including the Twelve, on the basis of their having deserved it.  
Characteristically, the very Christianity thus given by God has the power in it to cause men, who share Jesus'
mentality, to be just as generous.
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