Route 14 - The Old Covenant Done Away in Christ - Exodus 19:1-5
There are some in the religious world that would require we be bound to the Old Covenant that God made with the
Israelites. This series will help in showing that we are under a new and better covenant, the New Testament. We
begin by demonstrating to whom the Old Testament, the Ten Commandments, the Law of Moses, was given. Then
it proceeds to consider those texts in the New Testament that declare that we are not under the Law of Moses but
under the Law of Christ. This "route" may be used to show that Christians are not justified by the law, that they are
not obligated to keep the Sabbath, neither are they allowed to return to the Law of Moses as the primary source of
authority in service to Christ.
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To Whom Was the Law of Moses Given?
14 - The Old Covenant Done Away in Christ - Exodus 19:1-5
- This Covenant was between God and the children of Israel. Note the context carefully and see that this
covenant which God made with Israel began with the giving of the Ten Commandments. See Exodus 20:1-17.
- The Law of Moses included all the ordinances of the Law - ceremonial, civil and moral
- Which is in Luke 2:22-27? Ceremonial, civil or moral? (ceremonial)
- Which is in John 8:5? Ceremonial, civil or moral? (civil)
- Which is in Matthew 19:1-9? Ceremonial, civil or moral? (moral)
14 - Exodus 20:2,22
- This Law was spoken to those whom God brought out of the land of Egypt.
- Who are they? Israel
- To whom did God talk from heaven? Israel
- Which was the only nation with whom God made this covenant? Israel
14 - Deuteronomy 5:1-5, 15
- Whom did God call and speak to, according to verse 1? Israel
- Did God make this covenant with their fathers or ancestors (that is, everyone from Adam to Abraham)? No, but
with those present and alive at Sinai that day (verse 3).
- This is important because some would have "Sabbath Keeping" go back to the Creation.
- However, the Bible says that God revealed, "made known," the Sabbath to Israel at Mount Sinai. See Nehemiah
- The Sabbath was given to Israel as a memorial of what? Their bondage in Egypt and a sign of their covenant
with God. See Ezekiel 20:10-12.
14 - Nehemiah 9:9-14
- To whom did God give His judgments, laws, statutes, precepts and commandments, including the Sabbath, from
Heaven at Mount Sinai by the hand of His servant Moses? To Israel.
14 - 1st Kings 8:9,21
- What was inside the Ark of the Covenant? It was the covenant that God made with Israel when He brought them
out of Egypt.
- Upon what was that covenant written? Upon the two tables of stone that Moses put there at Mount Sinai. See
Exodus 34:1 and 27-28.
- What was written on those two stones? The Ten Commandments were written on those stones. See
What Replaces Israel's Law?
14 - Romans 6:14
- The Christian is under a new system of justification
- Is he justified by the deeds of the Law of Moses? See Romans 3:27-28. No, man is not justified by the deeds of
- By what, then is he justified? See Ephesians 2:8-10.
- Man is justified by grace through faith.
- Remember Route 5 - What It Means to Believe on Jesus. See John 3:18-21 and Mark 16:16.
14 - Romans 7:1-4
- Paul uses the illustration of marriage to establish that the Christian is not under the Law of Moses but the Law of
- Just as a woman cannot be married to two men at the same time without committing adultery, neither can a
believer be under two covenants or laws at the same time without committing "spiritual adultery."
- In order to be free from the husband, he must be dead.
- In order to be free from the Law of Moses, it must be dead.
- We are "become dead" to the Law of Moses through the death of Christ.
14 - 2nd Corinthians 3:6-14
- Paul says something is done away in order that something else might remain.
- What is done away?
- "That which was made glorious" (verse 10)
- "The ministry of condemnation" (verse 9)
- "The ministration of death written and engraven on stones" (verse 7)
- "The letter (that) killeth" (verse 6)
- "That which is abolished" (verse 13)
- "The Old Testament" (verse 14)
- Whereas, it is "that which remaineth" that is "the New Testament" (verse 6)
- We can know without doubt that the Sabbath commandment is included in this abolition because it was one of
the commandments written on the two tables of stone. See Deuteronomy 4:13.
14 - Galatians 3:16-19 and 23-25
- How long was the law given? Until the Seed should come.
- In this the apostle Paul agrees with the prophet Jeremiah. See Jeremiah 31:31-34.
- The Law was "added"
- But "after faith had come," what are we no longer under? Tutor or schoolmaster. See Galatians 3:25.
14 - Ephesians 2:14-16
- What was abolished by Jesus by His death on the cross? The law of commandments contained in ordinances.
- What was this "law of commandments contained in ordinances?" The law of Moses, including the Ten
Commandments. See Leviticus 18:3-5, 2nd Chronicles 33:8, and 2nd Kings 17:36-37.
14 - Colossians 2:14
- When Jesus died on the cross, what did He nail to the cross? "the handwriting of requirements that was against
- What are those ordinances? The ordinances about meats, drinks, holy days, new moons and Sabbath days.
See Leviticus 23:37-38.
14 - Hebrews 7:11-12
- Under what family was the law received? The family of Levi, specifically, the family of Aaron.
- Could Christ be a priest after Aaron? No.
- Why not? He was not of the tribe of Levi, but of Judah. See Hebrews 7:14 and Hebrews 8:4.
- For Christ to serve as our high priest, the priesthood must be changed, thus the law ordaining the priesthood
must also be changed.
- We cannot have Christ as our high priest if we are under the Law of Moses.
14 - Hebrews 7:18-19
- Why was the former (old) commandment (law) annulled (set aside)? Because of its weakness, since it could not
make anything perfect.
- By what term is the New Commandment known? A better hope.
- What are we able to do under the New Commandment? Draw near to God.
Why is the New Law Better?
14 - Hebrews 8:6-13
- Verses 8-12 are a quotation of Jeremiah 31:31-34. The Hebrew writer quotes these verses as proof of his
premise that Jesus is the mediator of a "better covenant" (Hebrews 8:6).
- Since scripture states that the first covenant (the Law of Moses) is "old," what is it ready to do according to verse
13? Vanish away.
- What else would the Holy Spirit have to say to prove that we are not under the Law of Moses?
14 - Hebrews 10:9
- It was the will of God that Christ die on the cross in order that we might be sanctified by the taking away of the
first covenant. See Hebrews 9:13 and Hebrews 10:1.
- With the taking away of the first covenant, what need is created? Establishing the second covenant.
14 - John 12:48-50
- If God spoke to the Israelites through the Law of Moses, through what does Jesus speak to us today? The new
covenant (His word).
- By what will we be judged? His word.
14 - Romans 1:16
- What power does the gospel of Christ, the New Covenant, have? The power of salvation.
- The Old Covenant Law of Moses did not have that power, and so had to be replaced.
14 - Hebrews 9:15
- Christ's sacrifice was for those who would live after Him, and those who lived before, including those under the
old law. See Hebrews 10:12.
- Christ's sacrifice was for all. See Hebrews 10:10.