Church of Christ
Locks Cross Roads
27) Hebrews - 9:21 and following
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And for this came

It means "on account of this" (blood).  It may also be translated, "therefore", or "wherefore".  

He is the mediator - Jesus is the Mediator for man.

"Testament" is also used for "covenant" - "Covenant" is better; it is the new contract between God and man.  The
word means both "covenant" and "testament."

That by means of death all men could have forgiveness.  Hebrews 10:4 says that the blood of bulls and goats could
not take away sin.

"The death of Christ was necessary in order to accomplish the redemption of the transgressions which were
committed under the old covenant during the Jewish age."  The exception would be those who were justified by faith
- Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Romans 4:23, James 2:21-23).  Where did these men go?  If not immediately to heaven, at
least to a place and state of high spiritual enjoyment: ((1) Exodus 3:6, (2) Daniel 12:13, (3) Luke 10:23-24).

This is what Paul refers to in Romans 3:25-26, they that have been called that were under the first covenant.  The
blood was a necessity before the called of any age could have an absolute right to the free and full enjoyment of the
eternal inheritance.  This is not merely a promised land calling, but for eternal life for all the called of all generations.

Blood of bulls and goats - Christ may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.  This is not a physical land
inheritance but an eternal one in the presence of God.  "An inheritance incorruptible, undefiled that fadeth not away
reserved in heaven for you."   "Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven."  Our inheritance is with Christ as a joint
heir (Romans 8:17).

There must of necessity - Death is necessary to the culmination of a testament.  Inheritance follows the death of the
testator.  The testament, or will, goes into effect after the death of the Testator.  As long as the testator lives, he can
change that will, but death fixes its points.

Legal language is used here.  The testament is generally kept in a safety deposit box until the death of the testator.  
A division of the inheritance follows the death of the testator.  Wherefore even the first covenant hath not been
dedicated without blood God has always emphasized sacrifice.  Their sacrifices were to keep alive the knowledge of
the fact of sin and the need of forgiveness.  We have baptism, and the Lord's Supper, to remind us today.  See
Exodus 24:4-8 for the dedication.

This refers to Exodus 24:4-8.  When they were recited the people said, "This we will do."  He then wrote them and
reread them (Exodus 24:7).  The people responded again.  Then they were ratified by the blood.  He took the blood
of calves and goats with water - the blood was put in basins and mingled with water to keep it from coagulating.  He
then took hyssop (bound together with hyssop) and dipped this in the basin and sprinkled it upon the people
nearest him.  They represented all the people.  It was impossible to have blood enough for all.

Upon the book - why?  To show that it was ratified by blood.  The book was then sanctified for their obedience.  The
people were sanctified to obey the words of the book.

With blood:  the law required that almost everything defiled should be purified by blood.  In some cases it was done
with water (Leviticus 16:26-28, Numbers 31:24).  Sometimes it was done by fire and water (Numbers 31:22-23).

Without the shedding of blood there is no remission.

Blood is spoken of as being essential to atonement.  Leviticus 17:11 - "I have given it (the blood) to you upon the
altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul."

The poorest people who could not afford a sacrifice no doubt had theirs made by public expense.  Leviticus
5:11-13:  Those too poor to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons for a sin offering were to bring seven pints
of oil, ephah of fine flour, without oil or frankincense, a handful of which the priest was to burn as a memorial upon
the altar.  The priest made atonement for him, which was very likely a blood sacrifice at public expense.  The
memorial was made with flour, but the atonement was with blood.