Church of Christ
Locks Cross Roads
26) Hebrews - Chapter 9 introduction
The point He is making is the whole form of worshipping God was annexed to the old covenant. It had sacrifices,
alutions and symbols connected with the sanctuary.
"Services" is a verbal noun and means: an act by which righteousness is fulfilled (Romans 5:18), or a righteous
decree, or appointment, ordinance, law, rule.
"The first" is inserted. Perhaps, to distinguish between the tabernacle and the temple, say some. The context
indicates that the Holy place is referred to. Most authorities agree that this is the tabernacle, for the temple did not
possess the tablets of stone after the captivity.
And after this the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holy of Holies. "After the second veil" refers to the
veil that separated the Holy of Holies. The first was at the entrance to the Holy Place. The second refers to the one
separating the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies. The temple in Jerusalem at the time of Christ had a veil, for it was
torn from the top to the bottom (Matthew 27:51). The temple of Solomon had wooden doors (1st Kings 6:31-33),
into this second veil the priest entered but once a year (Hebrews 9:7).
Altar of incense - it was placed close to the veil in the holy place but is regarded by the Spirit of God, in Hebrews
9:4, as belonging to the Holy of Holies. He says see Exodus 30:1, 6, 7 and 10; Exodus 40:5. Solomon's building
was like it (1st Kings 6:19-22). The altars of incense represent prayer in the study of types.
Ark of the Covenant - It was a sort of chest overlaid with gold. In it were the two tables of the law - 1st Kings 8:9 -
The things it contained are named in this verse, but the word "Wherein" may not mean in the ark, but rather in the
Holy of Holies. It was made of wood (acacia) 2.5 cubits long and 1.5 cubits broad and deep.
Pot holding the manna - See Exodus 16:31-32. Manna was kept from the wilderness journey. It contained an omer
(seven pints). Was the pot in the ark? No, says 1st Kings 8:9, only the tables of stone. But the time of Solomon
perhaps other contents had been lost.
Aaron's rod that budded (Numbers 17:1-11).
Chrubim is plural of "cherub". It means "keeper, guardian" (Ezekiel 1:5-11 and 13-14) for their physical appearance
(Ezekiel 1:24, Ezekiel 10:5). "The sound of their wings was as the voice of God." These were of gold, and were at
each end of the mercy seat (Exodus 25:18-20). The cherubim seem to be an order of angels (Genesis 3:24).
Christ can bee seen in each, He is the Light, Bread, Ark, the Word. Examination of details is not necessary to
perceive the lesson gained. Detail is not desired, but contrast is the author's purpose.
The priest went into the Holy Place twice daily. There was the incense to burn in the morning, there was the
evening sacrifice. This was a continued task (Leviticus 4:6).
Only the high priest entered, and once a year, but he could enter several times on that day (Leviticus 16) - he alone
had this privilege.
He brought the blood of a bullock and he sprinkled some portion of it seven times before the ark and the veil
Which he offered for himself - animal blood for himself since he was a sinner. It was not his own blood (see Hebrews
9:25). Christ offered His own blood for all, but there was no need for offering blood for His sin, since He had none
(Hebrews 4:15) and for the errors of the people.
For the sins of which they were not conscious - sins done in ignorance (Numbers 15:28-29). Of course no sacrifice
existed for sin of "high hand," in open defiance, contempt. See Numbers 15:30-31. By this the people were
absolved of all sin of the past year and now had access to the mercy seat.
The Holy Spirit designed, but also served as an interpreter. We see in Hebrews 10:14-22 the lesson that entrance
has been made into heaven.
While the first tabernacle is yet standing - The Old Testament is a closed way, the heavens were not opened by it.
The New Testament is an open way;
a) Open veil - The old one was rent in twain.
b) Open tomb
c) Open church
d) Open heavens
Even when the sacrifices were done and performed perfectly, yet now man knew he was a sinner. It took the torn
flesh of Christ to reveal the mercy seat of God. The temple veil being torn (Matthew 27:51) shows that God had not
opened the Holy of Holies for man. These sacrifice reminded men of sin, but could not cleanse the conscience. "As
touching the conscience," the law was to point out sin and to make men conscious of sin. These caused the sinner
to be concerned (Hebrews 10:3), but in those sacrifices there is a remembrance made of sins year by year.
We can have a cleansed conscience.
1) Hebrews 9:14 - Cleanse your conscience from dead works
2) Hebrews 10:22 - having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience
3) 1st Timothy 3:9 - holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience
4) 1st Peter 3:21 - but the answer of a good conscience toward God