Church of Christ
Locks Cross Roads
22) Hebrews - Chapter 7:20 and following
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Hebrews 7:20 - And in as much as it is not without the taking of an oath
                 21 - (for they indeed have been made priests without an oath; but He with an oath by Him that saith of
                         Him, the Lord swore and will not repent Himself, Thou art a priest forever)
                 22 - by so much also hath Jesus become the surety of a better covenant.

Psalms 110:4 expresses this oath; this is more of the abundant evidence.  
       a) God's oath is to show the certainty and immutability of the thing sworn.
               1. He swore to Abraham (Genesis 22:16-18).
               2. He swore that Israel would not enter His rest (Deuteronomy 1:35).
               3. He swore that Moses would not enter Canaan (Deuteronomy 4:21).
               4. He swore that David and his seed would endure (Psalms 89:4).

Now, Christ's priesthood is sworn to, to show its unchangeableness.  The Levitical priesthood not being sworn to
indicates that it was temporary.

"For they indeed have been made priest without an oath" indicates a contract.
       a. Their priesthood came by natural descent
       b. The value of the covenant is determined by the presence or absence of an oath.

An oath is something final and determinative in nature.  "But He with an oath" shows the superiority of Christ's
priesthood.  This is found in Psalms 110:4, "By him that saith of Him" indicates God's oath.  "The Lord swore and will
not repent Himself, Thou art a Priest forever" indicates the unchangeable priesthood.

The Greek word for "surety" is egguos, and appears only here.
       1) It means a sponsor or bondswoman
       2) Acts 17:30-31: It gives the idea of final evidence.

"Of a better covenant" ought to be of interest to all:
       a) See Hebrews 8:6, which says it is better because of better promises involved.
       b) Most people realize the superiority of anything new over the old, except those who deal with antiques.

1) Too many are interested in religious antiques.
2)  The new covenant with a superior priest and promises should be preferred.
The old law had to have many priests because they were subject to death, and successors had to be trained.  The
new covenant has one eternal Priest since He is not subject to death.

He is able to save the uttermost - Christ is able to save, without doubt.  We have One who is able; all others are
unable.  "Uttermost" means "to the extreme, completely".  This is a contrast to the feebleness of the old covenant.  
No sinner is too deep in sin to be gone.  No condition of man is too far away for God through Christ to save.  This
job is never done.  We must always draw near (1st Corinthians 9:26).  Christianity is a growth; we keep on drawing
near (Philippians 3:14).