Church of Christ
Locks Cross Roads
17) Hebrews - Chapter 6:1-2
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Chapter Five introduces the important theme of the appointment of Christ as High Priest after the order of
Melchizedek.  He met all requirements necessary to become High Priest.  Two things distinguished Him from Aaron:
(1) His sinlessness; (2) His appointment after the order of Melchizedek.  The mention of the change of order from
Aaron to Melchizedek brings to mind the spiritually undeveloped state of Hebrew Christians and the cause for
rebuking them.  It is because of their inability to appreciate Christ's ministry on their behalf.  Chapters six and seven
continue to deal with this issue.

Wherefore leaving doctrine of the first principles.  The initial steps are the simple things:  These first principles are
named in verses one and two.  They are not "left," but serve as the foundation.  Not left in the sense that they are
forsaken.  Paul, in 1st Corinthians 12 and 13, discusses the gifts of the Spirit and says faith, hope and love are

Not laying again a foundation.  In building a house we do not leave the foundation, yet to be always at work building
it would be ridiculous.  The structure ought to rise above the foundation.  One foundation for a building is sufficient.  
God speaks of us as His building (1st Corinthians 3:9: "Ye are God's building.", Ephesians 2:22: "In whom ye also
are builded together-.", Colossians 2:7: "rooted and builded up in Him.")

Of repentance.  Some people are always in some scrape.  They are always in need of forgiveness and repentance.  
Repentance means that we do not continue in evil, occasionally regretting it.  John's listeners needed to bring forth
fruits worthy of repentance.  We are not to live in constant need of repentance, but to avoid evil.

From dead works.  The past of an individual is to be buried at baptism and never to need repenting of again.

What is "dead works"?  It is the vain effort to relieve a troubled conscience by legal obedience.  It is not service, but
religious performances.

Gentiles were commanded to repent of sins (Acts 8:22).  They were never commanded to repent of dead works.  
This might be using the word in too limited a sense.  Works of the law were dead works, but probably refer to all
services of Satan.

Few men disbelieve in a higher Power, but this is not sufficient.  The Jew had a faith in God. . . What he needed was
a faith that included Jesus Christ.

Baptisms - (1) a baptism in water in which all penitent believers who confess Christ are introduced into his body; (2)  
a baptism in the Holy Spirit administered by Christ himself to all who are really begotten by the Spirit and born of the
water; and (3) a baptism in fire by means of which the wicked will all be finally overwhelmed in sufferings.  The point
is that it is an initiatory step, and therefore a person is not to sit on the edge of the baptistery all the time.